True Stories Of Great Explorers


True Stories Of Great Explorers

Author: Vikas Khatri
Format: Paperback
Language: English
ISBN: 9788122313260
Code: 9764R
Pages: 152
Price: US$ 4.00

Published: 2012
Publisher: Pustak Mahal
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Contents

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1. William Edward Parry

2. Mark Aurel Stein

3. Bartholomew Gosnold

4. George Vancouver

5. Sir John Franklin

6. Mary Henrietta Kingsley

7. Richard Lemon Lander

8. Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard

9. Harry Hamilton Johnston

10. Sir Richard Burton

11. Verney Lovett Cameron

12. John Hanning Speke

13. Francis Drake

14. Samuel White Baker

15. Thomas Cavendish

16. James Cook

17. Sir Vivian Ernest Fuchs

18. Robert Falcon Scott

19. Sir Ernest Shackleton

20. Ranulph Fiennes (Ran Fiennes)

21. Sir Humphrey Gilbert

22. Sir John Hawkins

23. Sir Martin Frobisher

24. Sir Richard Grenville

25. Sir Richard Hawkins

26. Sir Walter Raleigh

Famous Spanish Explorers   l

1. Francisco Vasquez de Coronado

2. Hernando de Soto

3. Juan Ponce de Leon

4. Juan de la Cosa

5. Sebastian de Ocampo

6. Vasco Nunez de Balboa

7. Hernando de Alarcón

8. Diego de Almagro

9. Pedro de Alvarado

10. Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca

11. Hernán Cortés

12. Pánfilo de Narváez

13. Francisco de Orellana

14. Francisco Pizarro

15. Juan Ponce de León

16. Sebastián Vizcaíno

17. Juan de Oñate

1. Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo

2. Pedro Álvares Cabral

3. Diogo Cão

4. Ferdinand Magellan

5. Bartolomeu Dias

6. Vasco da Gama

7. João de Castro


1. Eusebio Francisco Kino

2. Henri de Tonty

3. Amerigo Vespucci

4. John Cabot

5. Christopher Columbus


1. Robert Cavelier de la Salle

2. Pierre de Monts

3. Pierre Esprit Radisson

4. Étienne Brûlé

5. Jacques Cartier

6. Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville

7. Samuel de Champlain

8. Sieur des Groseilliers

9. Louis Hennepin

1. Fridtjof Nansen

2. Roald Amundsen

3. Erik the Red

1. Adolphus Washington Greely

2. Charles Francis Hall

3. Matthew A. Henson

4. James Bridger

5. Elisha Kent Kane

6. John C. Frémont

7. Donald Baxter MacMillan

8. Louise Arner Boyd

9. George Washington De Long

10. Lincoln Ellsworth

11. Robert Gray

12. William Clark

13. May French Sheldon

14. Benjamin Louis Eulalie de Bonneville

15. Meriwether Lewis

16. John Muir

17. Zebulon Montgomery Pike

18. John Wesley Powell

19. Henry Rowe Schoolcraft

20. Jedediah Smith

21. Paul Belloni du Chaillu

22. Henry Morton Stanley

23. Dr. Frederick Albert Cook

24. Robert Peary

1. Pierre Le Moyne Iberville

2. Robert Abram Bartlett

3. Sir Alexander Mackenzie

4. Peter Skene Ogden

5. David Thompson

6. John McLoughlin

7. Louis Joliet

1. Vitus Jonassen Bering

2. Heinrich Barth

3. Mehmed Emin Pasha

1. Joseph Thomson

2. James Bruce

3. David Livingstone

4. Mungo Park

5. Hugh Clapperton

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Sample Chapters


(Following is an extract of the content from the book)
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Famous English Explorers

1. William Edward Parry

William Edward Parry (1790-1855), British explorer in the Arctic, who made unsuccessful attempts to find the Northwest Passage and to reach the North Pole. In 1819-20 Parry sailed beyond longitude 11° West, the first person to do so in the Arctic, and discovered and mapped considerable territory, including Barrow Strait, Prince Regent Inlet, Melville Sound, and Wellington Channel. In 1821-23 Parry spent two winters on Melville Peninsula making scientific observations and studying the Inuit. After one more unsuccessful search for the Northwest Passage in 1824-25, he set out in 1827 from Spitsbergen by sledge boat for the North Pole. Before turning back, his party reached latitude 82°45’ north, a proximity to the North Pole not attained again until 1876.

2. Mark Aurel Stein

Mark Aurel Stein (1862-1943), archaeologist and explorer. Mark Aurel Stein was born in Hungary, and became a British citizen in 1904. He served (1888-99) as principal of the Oriental College, Lahore, India (now in Pakistan), and was superintendent (1910-29) of the Indian Archaeological Survey. Stein also led four major expeditions (1900, 1906-8, 1913-16, 1930) to trace ancient caravan routes between China and the West, concentrating on the little known region of Eastern Turkistan, and did extensive research on the movements of Alexander the Great through Asia. Stein died in Kābul, Afghanistan, while preparing for a new expedition.

3. Bartholomew Gosnold

Bartholomew Gosnold (1572-1607), English explorer and colonizer. In 1602 he was in command of the ship Concord, which sailed along the North American coast from Maine to Narragansett Bay. On that voyage he named Cape Cod, some of the islands in Nantucket Sound, including Martha’s Vineyard, and the Elizabeth Islands. When he returned to England, Gosnold promoted the establishment of colonies in the areas he had explored and aided the merchants who secured a charter from King James I of England to colonize Virginia. Gosnold was appointed to command the God Speed, one of three ships that transported English settlers in 1606-7 to Jamestown. In 1607 Gosnold was appointed by the king to the council of the colony. After several months in Jamestown he died of fever.

4. George Vancouver

George Vancouver (1757-98), British naval officer and explorer, born in King’s Lynn, England. He joined the navy at the age of 13 and served with the British explorer Captain James Cook on his second (1772-75) and third (1776-80) voyages. In 1791 Vancouver began an expedition to explore the Pacific coast of North America. He reached his destination in 1792 and spent three years surveying the coast; during this period he became the first European to circumnavigate the island now named Vancouver. In 1795 Vancouver returned to England.

5. Sir John Franklin

John Franklin (1786-1847), British rear admiral and explorer of the Arctic and the Northwest Passage.
Franklin was born in Spilsby, Lincolnshire, England. He participated in the battles of Copenhagen in 1801 and Trafalgar in 1805 during the Napoleonic Wars. In 1818 he commanded the Trent in an unsuccessful voyage to the Arctic, and from 1819 to 1822 he commanded an overland expedition commissioned to explore the northern coast of Canada east from the mouth of the Coppermine River. In a subsequent Arctic expedition (1825-27), Franklin traced the North American coastline from the mouth of the Mackenzie River on the Beaufort Sea in northwestern Canada to about the 150th meridian in northeastern Alaska. In 1829 he was knighted and awarded the gold medal of the Geographical Society of Paris. From 1836 to 1843 he was lieutenant governor of Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania), where he established a college and scientific society. In 1845 he was appointed commander of an expedition to discover the Northwest Passage. The expedition, consisting of the Erebus and the Terror, with 129 officers and men, was last seen by a whaling vessel on July 26, 1845, in Baffin Bay.
Between 1848 and 1859 numerous searching expeditions were dispatched to the Arctic. In July 1857 Lady Jane Franklin, Franklin’s second wife, outfitted the Fox, which was finally successful in discovering the history of the ill-fated expedition. The search party obtained from the Inuit in Boothia Peninsula many remains of the Franklin expedition. A record found at Victory Point related details of Franklin’s expedition up to April 25, 1848.
According to this record, in 1846 the Erebus and Terror had navigated Peel Sound and Franklin Strait in a southerly direction, but had been stopped by ice between Victoria Island and King William Island. The two ships, icebound from September 1846, had been deserted on April 22, 1848. At that time the total casualties had been 9 officers and 15 men, including Franklin, who had died on June 11, 1847. The surviving members of the party left the ships on April 26, 1848, but apparently perished some days later. Between 1878 and 1880 a U.S. expedition discovered the wreckage of one of Franklin’s ships and skeletons of members of his party. A monument commemorating Franklin was erected in 1875 in Westminster Abbey. In the 1980s a Canadian anthropologist, through studies of tissue remains of the crew, determined that they had most likely succumbed to the effects of lead poisoning.

6. Mary Henrietta Kingsley

Mary Kingsley (1862-1900), British explorer of West and Central Africa, who was the first European to visit parts of Gabon. Mary Henrietta Kingsley was born in London, the daughter of a medical doctor who travelled extensively. Kingsley made her first visit to Africa in 1893, following the deaths of her parents. She sailed to the Gulf of Guinea port of Calabar, on the coast of what is now Nigeria, and from there travelled inland. From the Niger River region to the north, she travelled southward as far as the lower Congo River region in what is now northern Angola. Throughout the trip she studied African religious practices. She returned to England in 1894.
Kingsley returned to West Africa later that year, stopping first on the coast of what are now Cameroon and Gabon. In Gabon she travelled by steamboat up the Ogooué River. At Lambaréné, she continued her river journey by canoe into the Great Forest region, territory that was then seldom visited by Europeans. After studying the life and culture of the region’s Fang people, she returned to the Cameroon coast. Before her return to England in 1895, she climbed Cameroon Mountain (4,095 m/13,435 ft), the area’s highest peak.
Kingsley made her final trip to Africa in 1899, planning to visit West Africa again, but the outbreak that year of the Boer War in South Africa led her to travel there instead. While working in Cape Town as a nurse caring for Boer prisoners of war, she contracted typhoid fever and died at the age of 38. Kingsley wrote several books about her experiences in Africa, including Travels in West Africa (1897), West African Studies (1899), and The Story of West Africa (1899).

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